You are assessing a 13-month-old female who is running a fever and has been vomiting

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According to the terminal drop hypothesis:

mental function is presumed to decline in the 5 years preceding death.

Which of the following are noticeable characteristics of a 9-month-old infant?

Places objects in the mouth, pulls himself or herself up

Which of the following describes the Moro reflex?

The neonate opens his or her arms wide, spreads his or her fingers, and seems to grasp at something after being startled.

At what age does separation anxiety typically peak in infants and small children?

10 to 18 months

Older adults frequently ___________.

take multiple medications

In late adults, the amount of air left in the lungs after expiration of the maximum amount of air:

increases, which hampers diffusion of gases because of the stagnant air that remains in the alveoli.

Why do middle adults commonly experience financial concerns?

They are preparing for retirement but must still manage everyday financial demands.

In preconventional reasoning, children:

act almost purely to avoid punishment and to get what they want.

Atherosclerosis is defined as ________.

the blockage of a coronary artery

A normal systolic blood pressure for a 30-year-old is between:

90 and 140 mm Hg.

The decline in cardiac function that commonly occurs in late adulthood is MOST often related to:


You are assessing a 13-month-old female who is running a fever and has been vomiting. While you are performing your physical examination on this child, you will MOST likely find that she:

responds to her name but is fearful of your presence.

The risk of bleeding in the skull, which increases with age, is MOST directly related to:

shrinkage of the brain.

What is the normal respiratory rate for an adult?

12-20 breaths/min

The areas of the infant’s skull that have not yet fused together are called ________.


You are dispatched to a call for a 4-month-old infant with respiratory distress. While you prepare to take care of this child, you must remember that:

small infants are nose breathers and require clear nasal passages at all times.

An infant or small child’s airway can be occluded if it is overextended or overflexed because:

the occiput is proportionately large and the trachea is flexible.

Which of the following statements regarding an infant’s vital signs is correct?

An infant’s normal body temperature is typically higher than a preschooler’s.

Age-related changes in the renal system result in:

a decreased ability to clear wastes from the body and a decreased ability to conserve fluids when needed.

Factors that contribute to a decline in the vital capacity of an elderly patient include all of the following, EXCEPT:

increased surface area available for air exchange.

The younger the person, the faster the pulse rate and respirations.


Toddlers begin to recognize gender differences by observing their role model.


The head accounts for 15% of a neonate’s body weight.


The Moro reflex occurs when something touches an infant’s cheek.


Infants younger than 6 months are particularly prone to nasal congestion.


________ describes how we feel about ourselves and how we fit in with our peers.


Why is a neonate’s head more "moldable"?

Fontanelles have not yet fused to form the skull.

Congenital abnormalities are the leading cause of death in which age group?


At what stage do vital signs begin to level off within adult ranges?


Which of the following conditions is an infant most likely to have?

airway obstruction

Which age group is most likely to suffer from diabetes?

older adults

Which of the following statements is true about the physiology of older adults?

The metabolic rate in the older brain does not change.

Which of the following should be expected when you assess a 76-year-old patient’s pupils?

Slower pupillary reaction

Which of the following affects vital signs the most in older adults?

Overall health of the patient

Which life stage is apt to be characterized by antisocial behavior and peer pressure?


Changes in which of the following body systems can result in the most debilitating of age-related illnesses?