The laws governing a country or nation are important aspects of its existence and in a way are contributing to its history, by taking from the past and giving to the future. Common law and statutory laws are followed by most nations in the world. A combination of both is necessary for justice to be served.
Common law is defined as law that has been developed on the basis of preceding rulings by judges. Statutory laws are written laws passed by legislature and government of a country and those which have been accepted by the society.
Basis for common law and statutory law
Common law is by far and wide based on judgments made in the past over hundreds of years. Statutory laws have statutes as their basis.
Decisions and New Laws
A judge refers to similar cases in the past and uses the judgments rendered then as a basis for deciding the current case. Thus, the judges while presiding over a case are referring to decisions based on previous cases to come to their final decision. In the event of unique circumstances presented in the specific case, the judgment passed by the judge becomes the new law.
Common law is also known as case law and is of two types – one where judgments passed become new laws where there are no statutes and the other where judges interpret the existing law and determines new boundaries and distinctions. Apart from common law and statutory law, there are also the regulatory laws framed by various government agencies that have the authorization to do so once statutes are created by the legislature.
Statutory laws can be passed by various government agencies of a country. Thus, there are laws passed by federal and state governments, ordinances passed by towns and cities all having the power of law. New laws are issued to meet the needs of the citizens, to resolve outstanding issues, and to formalize an existing law.
Determination of common law for a particular case is a process that begins with research analysis, location of previous relevant cases, extraction of statements and sentences passed in order to finally determine the common law applicable. Decisions of higher courts rule over lower courts and earlier cases. Statutory laws are already written and need just to be applied to a specific case.
Common law is being developed on an everyday basis without causing any fractionalization of society or creating any expense to the state. Statutory laws are developed by government of a state or nation and these are organized and codified into law codes. They cover all areas regulated by statutory laws exclusively as well as those areas where common law is not applicable.
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*Customs may be considered as supplementary source of law, however, customs which are contrary to law, public order or public policy shall not be countenanced This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)
This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably.(July 2019) This article needs to be updated.(May 2020) This article contains a partial list of Philippine laws.
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This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)
This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably.(July 2019)
This article needs to be updated.(May 2020)
This article contains a partial list of Philippine laws.
Commission on Elections[L 2]
Philippine laws have had various nomenclature designations at different periods in the history of the Philippines, as shown in the following table:
The following table lists Philippine laws which have been mentioned in Wikipedia, or are otherwise notable. Only laws passed by Congress and its preceding bodies are listed here; presidential decrees and other executive issuances which may otherwise carry the force of law are excluded for the purpose of this table.
The text of many Philippine laws can be found on the following sites: